The video is transcribed as following:
Today in this video, I’m going to tell you how the word and the country Nepal was formed. For this video, I have consulted many historical documents, books, and Wikipedia. I hope you will like it and you would love to know about the profound history of one of the most beautiful and oldest countries of the world. Let’s talk about the formation of the word Nepal.
The word, Nepal, was originated from the Sanskrit word, “Nepalaya”, which means the base of mountains. In Tibetan language “Neampal” could be another source of the origination of the word Nepal, which means sacred land. Somewhere in some great pages of history, it is written that Nepal was the land of the cotton farm. Ne means cotton and pal means tent to keep the cotton in. This is how the word Nepal might have been formed.
According to another myth, the holy man called “Ne” protected the sacred land and as pal means keeping protected therefore, to express the regard towards the holy man, it got the name Nepal. Humans, along with other animals were, attracted to the himalayas and the valleys since their formation. These mountain ranges and valleys were formed 30 million years ago.
The fossil of “Ramapethagus”, which was thought to be a distinct genus that was the first direct ancestor of modern humans, Homo sapiens was found in Butwal, a western city of Nepal. This proves that Nepal was one of the oldest habitats of humans. In ancient religious books and Vedas, Nepal has been described as very ancient land. The name Nepal was used in ancient Hindu books, Vedas, according to which it is imagined that the formation of Nepal was in-between 500 and 600BC.
Similarly, Indian emperor Samundra Gupta has mentioned Kumaon, Nepal as his neighboring country in his Illahabad record. Samundra Gupta ruled from 335 BC 380BC. Since then, Nepal has always been mentioned as a sovereign and independent country. Many rulers of different origin and different times ruled this sacred land. Ancient history of Nepal is divided into three different rulings.
First one was Kirat period. Before the Kirat period, Gopal people with cow herd and Mahispal, people with buffalo herd had their states in Nepal. However, the Goal dynasty and the Mahispal dynasty are not taken as the proven ancient rulers of Nepal. Kirat people started living in Nepal almost 2500 years ago. It is said that they came from mid-Asia, India and Himalaya. The first king of Kirat dynasty was Yalambar.
Then the Lichhavi period started. From 400 AD to 750AD, Lichhavi kings ruled in Kathmandu, the current capital of Nepal. According to Kautilyas economics and traveler diary of a Chinese traveller Huen San, some brave warriors ran away from Baishali of India and replaced the Kiratis and started their reign. Mandeep was the first king of the Lichhavi dynasty. Amshuverma, Shivadev, Jayadev are the famous kings who brought many great reforms in Nepal.
And the Malla period, the golden period of the ancient Nepal history. The Malla dynasty was a ruling dynasty of Nepal from 1201AD 1769AD. The Mallas means wrestlers in Sanskrit. The first of the Malla kings came to power in the Kathmandu valley in 1200AD. The Malla period was a golden one that stretched over 600 years. Though, it was peppered with fighting for the valuable trade routes to Tibet.
After the Malla dynasty, King Prithivi Narayan Shah the king from Gorkha conquered the valley in 1768AD and began the unification of Nepal that gave the modern face of Nepal. Currently, Nepal has become a federal democratic republic.
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