Herbal Medical Plants Of Nepal

by Kriti
Herbal Medical Plants Of Nepal
Herbalism

Herbalism

Nepal has always been the center of herbal richness with more than ten thousand species of herbs in its alpine belt. The medical herbs databases listing for Nepal shows 1,624 species of medical and aromatic species. These herbs have been integral part of traditional medicine practices of  indigenous community in Nepal. Seeing the same impact and long history of herbal use, these herbs of Nepal are now exported to many countries and companies for medical purposes. Many big companies import such herbs to make medical extract and derivatives which are used in treating various diseases and health deficiency.

NEPETA

NEPETA

Either its Eastern Medical homopathetic treatment or Modern day Medicine, the herbs are used  directly or indirectly, ultimately making a huge dependency in the natural herbs. Nepal being benefited with such geographical settings, these herbs grow wild without human interference which makes it even more effective. Medical Herbal plants of Nepal are mainly used in making extract for Cancer cure, Liver and many chronic diseases. Local herbs are also used for anti fungal, anti oxidant, anti bacterial purposes.

Here is list of Medical herbs of Nepal.

sn Botanicle Name English Name Indian Name Nepali Name
1 Abrus precatorius Jequirity Ratti Laal
Gedi
2 Acacia catechu Willd Catechu Khair Khayer
3 Acacia concinna DC Soap Pod Shikakai Shikakai
4 Acacia nilotica
(Linn)Delile
Gum Arabic Babul Babool
5 Achyranthes aspera
Linn
Prickly Chaff Flower Latjira Ultekurro
6 Aconitum ferox Wall Aconite Atis Bikhmaa
7 Aconitum heterophyllum
Wall ex Royle
Indian Aconite Atis kadvi Atees
8 Aconitum spicatum
(Bruhl.) Stapf.
Nepali Aconite Nepali Atis Bikjara
9 Acorus calamus Linn Sweet Flag Bach Bojho
10 Adhatoda Vasica Nees Vasaka Adusa Asuro
11 Adiantum capillus –
veneris Linn
Maiden Hair Green Hansraj Unyu
12 Aegle marmelos (L)
Corr. Serr.
Baiel Fruit Bael Bael
13 Aesculus hippocastanum
Linn
Horse Chestnut Pangar Paangro
14 Albizia lebbek (L)
Benth
Lebeck Tree Siris Kaalo
Sirees
15 Aloe barbadensis Mill. Aloe Gawar Patha Ghiu
Kumari
16 Alstonia Scholaris
(L.) R.Br.
Dita – Bark Tree Saptaparna Chal Chhatiwan
17 Amomum Subulatum Roxb Greater Cardamom Badi Elaychi Alaichi
18 Anacyclus Pyrethrum DC Pyrethrum Akarkara Akarkala
19 Andrographis
paniculata (Burn. F.) Nees
Andrographis Kalmegh Titkaa
20 Areca catechu Linn. Betel Nut Supari Supaari
21 Argemone mexicana
Linn.
Prickly Poppy Satyanasi Beej Thaakal
22 Aristolochia indica
Linn.
The indian Birthwort Ishvari Ishworee
23 Artemisia dubia Wall. Mugwort Artemisia Tite
Patti
24 Asparagus racemosus
willd.
Asparagus Shatawar Kurilo
25 Azadirachta indica a.
Juss.
Neem Tree Neem Neem
26 Berberis aristata Berberry Daruhaldi Chutro
27 Bergina ciliata
Sternb.
Bergenia Pakhanved Paakhanved
28 Betula utilis D. Don Himalayan Birch Bhoj Patra Bhuj
Paat
29 Boerhavia diffusa
Juss. Var. hirsuta
Spreading Hogweed Punarnava Punarnavaa
30 Brachycorythis
obcordata Lindl.
*** Salamisri Gaamdol
31 Buchanania lanzan
Spreng.
Cuddapah Almods Chironji Chiraunjee
32 Butea monosperma (Lam)
Kuntze
Bastard Teak Tesu Madaane
33 Calotropis procera
(Wild) R. Br.
Milk Weed Aak Aank
34 Cannabis sativa linn. Hemp Bhaang Bhaang
35 Carthamus tinctorious
Linn.
Stafflower Kusum Kusum
36 Carum carvi Linn. Caraway kala Jeera jangalee
Jiraa
37 Cassia fistula Linn Indian Laburnum Amaltas Amaltaash
38 cassia tora Linn. Ringworm Plant pawad Chakramandee
39 Cedrus Deodara (Roxb.)
Loud
Himalayan cedar Devdaru Devdar
40 Centella asiatica (L.)
Urban
Indian Pennywort Mandukparni Ghodtaapre
41 Chamomilla recutita
Linn.
Chamomile Chamomile Chamomile
42 Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Breyn.
Cinnmon bark Taj Taj
43 Coleus forskohlii
(Wild.) Briq.
Indian Coleus Coleus Paasaanved
44 Commiphora mukul/hook
ex Stocks
Indian Myrrh Guggal Gokuldhup
45 Crocus sativus Linn. Saffron Kesar Keshar
46 Croton tiglium Linn. Purgative Croton Jamalgota Lapche
Bis
47 Curculigo orchioides
Gaertn.
Curculigo Kalimusli Kaalo
musalee
48 Curcuma longa Linn. Turmeric Haldi Hardi
49 Curcuma zedoaria Rosc. Zedoary Kalchur Kachur
50 Cymbopogon martinil
(Roxb.) Watson
Palmarosa Palmarosa Paamaarosa
51 Cyperus Scariosus R.
Br.
*** Nagarmotha Naagarmothe
52 Dactylorhiza hatagirea
(D. Don.) Soo
Salep Orchid Salam Punja Paanch
Aunle
53 Datura metel Linn. Thorn Apple Dhatura Dhaturo
54 Delphinium denudatum
Wallich.
Larkspur Jadwar Nirbisi
55 Didymocarpus albicalyx
C. B. clarke
*** Kumkum Kumkum
56 Dioscorea deltoidea
wall.
Elephants foot Hathi Paon Bhyaakur
57 Elaeocarpus sphaericus
(Gaertn.) K. Schum
Utrasum-bead Tree Rudraksha Rudrakshya
58 Embelia ribes Burm F. Embelia Vai-Vidang Bayubidang
59 Embilica officinalis
Gaertn.
Emblic Myrobalan Amla Amlaa
60 Ephemerantha macraei
(Lindl.)
*** Jeevanti Jiwanti
61 Evolvulus alsinoides
Linn.
Dwarf morning-Glory Vishnukranti Shankha
puspi
62 Ficus Benghalensis
Linn.
Banyan Tree Bargad Bar
63 Ficus religiosa Linn. Sacred Fig Pipal Pipal
64 Fritillaria cirrhosa
D. Don
Fritillary Kakoli Kaakolee
65 Gaultheria frangrans
D.Don
Wintergreen Jirhap Dhasingre
66 Gentiana Kurroo Royle. Himalayan Gentian Kutki Chunetroghaans
67 Geranium nepalense
Sweet
Nepali Geranium Geranium Chunetroghaans
68 Gloriosa superba Linn. Glory Lily Kalihari Kewaree
69 Glycyrrhiz glabra
Linn.
Liquorice Mulathi Jethimadhu
70 Gmelina arborea Roxb. Candahar Tree Gambhari Khamaaree
71 Gossypium arboreum
Linn.
Cotton Plant Kapas Kapaas
72 Hemidesmus indicus
(L.) R. Br.
Indian Sarsaparilla Anantmool Anantmul
73 Hibiscus rosa sinensis
Linn
Shoe-Flower Gudhal Japaa
Puspi
74 Holarrhena
antidysenterica 9Linn.) Wall.
Easter Tree Inderjau (Kadwa) Indrajau
75 Hyoscyamus niger Linn. Black Henbane Khurasani Ajvayan Khursaanee
Ajaon
76 Hypercium perforatum
Linn.
St. John’s Wort *** Urilo
77 Ichnocarpus frutescens
(Linn.) R. Br.
Black Creeper Kalidudhi Kaaleedudhee
78 Inula racemosa Hook.
F.
Elecampane Pushkarmool Puskar
mul
79 Juglans regia Linn. Walnut Akhrot Okhar
80 Juniperous Communis
Linn.
Juniper Dhoopi Dhupi
81 Leptadenia reticulata
(Retz) Wight & Arn
*** Dori Daadeesaak
82 Linum Usitatissinum
Linn
Linseed Alsi Tisi
83 Lycopodium japonicum
Thumb
Lycopodium Nagbel Naagbeli
84 Martynia annua Linn. Devil’s Claw Bichu Phal Gridharnakkee
85 Mentha piperita Linn Pepper Mint Pudina Pudinaa
86 Mesua ferrea Linn. Cobra’s Saffron Nagchampa Naageswari
87 Momordica Charantia
Linn.
Bitter Gourd Karela Karela
88 Morchella esculenta
(L) Pers
Honey-Combed Mushroom Guchchi Guchhi
Chyaau
89 Mucuna pruriens (L)
DC.
Cowhage Konch Beej Kaauso
90 Myrica esculenta Buch.
-Ham.
Box Myrtle Kaiphal Kaphal
91 Myristica fragrans
Houtt.
Mace Javetri Jaaipatri
92 Myristica fragrans
Houtt.
Nutmeg Jaiphal Jattiphal
93 Nardostachys jatamansi
(Jones) DC.
Nardus Root Balchad Jatamasi
94 Nelumbo nucifera
Gaertn.
Water Lily Nilofar Kamal
95 Ocimum sanctum Linn. Sacred Basil Tulsi Tulsi
96 Olea cuspidata Wall.
Ex G. Don.
Olive Jaitun Kaandeloto
97 Operculina turpethum Turpeth Nisoth Nisodh
98 Ophiocordyceps
sinensis
Cordyceps Yartsa
Gumba
99 Panax pseudo-ginseng
Wall.
False Gingseng Ginsing Saatgaanthe
100 Papaver somniferum
Linn.
Opium poppy Afeem Aphim
101 Paris polyphylla Sm. Herb Paris Meetha-Bach Satuwa
102 Parmelia perlata
(Huds) Ach.
Stone Flower Chadila Jhyaau
103 Piper cubeba Linn. Long Pepper Pipali Piplaa
104 Piper longum Linn. Long Pepper Pipali Piplaa
105 Piper mullesus D. Don Round Pepper Pipal (Go) Pahaaari
Peepal
106 Pistacia integerrima
Stew. Ex Brandis
Pistacia Galls Kakrasingi Kaakad
Singhi
107 Plantago Ovata Forsk. Psyllium Husk Isabgol Isabgol
108 Plumbago zeylanica
Linn.
Lead Wort Chitrak Chitu
109 Podophyllum hexandrum
Royle.
Himalayan May Apple Bankakadi Ban
Bhantaa
110 Polypodium amoenum
Wall. Ex Mett.
*** Vishphej Bishphej
111 Pongamia pinnata
Pierre
Pongam Oil Tree Karanj Kaarengee
112 Pterocarpus marsupium
Roxb.
Indian Kino tree Bijasar Bijayasal
113 Pterocarpus santalinus
Linn. F.
Red Sandal Wood Lal Chandan Rakta
Chandan
114 Punica granatum Linn. Pomegranate Anar Daarim
115 Putranjiva roxburghil
Wall.
*** Putrajiva Putranjeevaa
116 Rauwolfia serpentina
Benth. Ex. Kurz
Serpentina Root Sarpgandha Chandmaruwa
117 Rhododendron lepidotum
Wall.
Rhododendron Talisfur Sunpatie
118 Ricinus communis Linn Castor Erand Andee
119 Roscoea purpurea Wall. Roscoe’s lily Kshirkakoli Bhadra
120 Rubia cordifolia Linn. Dyer’s Madder Majith Majitho
121 Salmalia malabarica
Schott.
Silk Cotton Tree Mochras Simal
122 Santalum album Linn. White Sandalwood Chandan Seto
Chandan
123 Sapindus mukorossi
Gaertn.
Soap Nut Tree Reetha Ritha
124 Saraca asoca (Rosc.)
DC. Wilde
Ashoka Tree Ashok Ashok
125 Saussurea lappa C.B.
Clarke
Costus Kuth Kuth
126 Selinum tenuifolium
Wall. Ex Dc.
Selinum Bhutkesh Bhajadri
127 Sida cordifolia Linn. Country Mallow Bala Balu
128 Smilax aspera Linn. Rough Bird Weed Chobchini Chobchini
129 Solanum surattense
Burm. F.
Wild Egg Plant Kateli Gurmi
Kaant
130 Strychnos nux – vomica
Linn.
Nux-vomica Kuchla kuchila
131 Swertia chairayita
(Roxb. Ex Fleming) H. Karst.
Indian Gentian Chirayita chirayito
132 syzgium cumini (L)
Skeels
Black plum Jamun Jamun
133 Tamarindus indica
Linn.
Tamarind Imli Titri
134 Taxus baccata Linn. Himalayan Yew Talispatra Louth
Salla
135 Terminalia arjuna
Wight & Arn.
Arjuna Myrobalan Arjun Arjun
136 Terminalia belerica
Roxb.
Beleric Myrobalan Behda Barro
137 Terminalia chebula
(Gaertner) retz
chebulic Myrobalan Harad Harro
138 Tinospora cordifolia
(Wild) miers.
Moon Creepers Gilo Gurjo
139 Tragia involucrata L. Indian stinging Nettle Barhanta Ut
Kateri
140 Tribulus terrestris
Linn.
Lan Caltrops Gokhru Gokhur
141 Trichosanthes
trisuspidata Lour.
Red Ball Snakegourd Lal Indrayan Indreni
142 Valeriana wallichii DC Indian Valerian Tagar Samaayo
143 Vetiveria zizanioides
(Linn.) Nash
Cuscus Grass Khas-khas Badhni
144 Vitis vinifera Linn. Grape kishmish Daakh
145 Withania somnifera
(L.) Dunal
Withania Ashwagandha Ashwagandha
146 Woodfordia fruticosa
Kurz.
Fire Flame Bush Dhai Phool Dhayaanro
147 Xanthoxylon budrunga
D.C.
*** Sugandhakokila ***
148 Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum
Edgew.
Toothache Tree Timur Sil
Timur
149 Zingiber officnale
Rosc.
Dried Ginger Sonth Suntho
150 Ziziphus
mauritiana Lam.
Jujube Ber Bayar

 

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