Herbal Medical Plants Of Nepal

by Kriti
Herbal Medical Plants Of Nepal
Herbalism

Herbalism

Nepal has always been the center of herbal richness with more than ten thousand species of herbs in its alpine belt. The medical herbs databases listing for Nepal shows 1,624 species of medical and aromatic species. These herbs have been integral part of traditional medicine practices of  indigenous community in Nepal. Seeing the same impact and long history of herbal use, these herbs of Nepal are now exported to many countries and companies for medical purposes. Many big companies import such herbs to make medical extract and derivatives which are used in treating various diseases and health deficiency.

NEPETA

NEPETA

Either its Eastern Medical homopathetic treatment or Modern day Medicine, the herbs are used  directly or indirectly, ultimately making a huge dependency in the natural herbs. Nepal being benefited with such geographical settings, these herbs grow wild without human interference which makes it even more effective. Medical Herbal plants of Nepal are mainly used in making extract for Cancer cure, Liver and many chronic diseases. Local herbs are also used for anti fungal, anti oxidant, anti bacterial purposes.

Here is list of Medical herbs of Nepal.

snBotanicle NameEnglish NameIndian NameNepali Name
1Abrus precatoriusJequirityRattiLaal
Gedi
2Acacia catechu WilldCatechuKhairKhayer
3Acacia concinna DCSoap PodShikakaiShikakai
4Acacia nilotica
(Linn)Delile
Gum ArabicBabulBabool
5Achyranthes aspera
Linn
Prickly Chaff FlowerLatjiraUltekurro
6Aconitum ferox WallAconiteAtisBikhmaa
7Aconitum heterophyllum
Wall ex Royle
Indian AconiteAtis kadviAtees
8Aconitum spicatum
(Bruhl.) Stapf.
Nepali AconiteNepali AtisBikjara
9Acorus calamus LinnSweet FlagBachBojho
10Adhatoda Vasica NeesVasakaAdusaAsuro
11Adiantum capillus –
veneris Linn
Maiden Hair GreenHansrajUnyu
12Aegle marmelos (L)
Corr. Serr.
Baiel FruitBaelBael
13Aesculus hippocastanum
Linn
Horse ChestnutPangarPaangro
14Albizia lebbek (L)
Benth
Lebeck TreeSirisKaalo
Sirees
15Aloe barbadensis Mill.AloeGawar PathaGhiu
Kumari
16Alstonia Scholaris
(L.) R.Br.
Dita – Bark TreeSaptaparna ChalChhatiwan
17Amomum Subulatum RoxbGreater CardamomBadi ElaychiAlaichi
18Anacyclus Pyrethrum DCPyrethrumAkarkaraAkarkala
19Andrographis
paniculata (Burn. F.) Nees
AndrographisKalmeghTitkaa
20Areca catechu Linn.Betel NutSupariSupaari
21Argemone mexicana
Linn.
Prickly PoppySatyanasi BeejThaakal
22Aristolochia indica
Linn.
The indian BirthwortIshvariIshworee
23Artemisia dubia Wall.MugwortArtemisiaTite
Patti
24Asparagus racemosus
willd.
AsparagusShatawarKurilo
25Azadirachta indica a.
Juss.
Neem TreeNeemNeem
26Berberis aristataBerberryDaruhaldiChutro
27Bergina ciliata
Sternb.
BergeniaPakhanvedPaakhanved
28Betula utilis D. DonHimalayan BirchBhoj PatraBhuj
Paat
29Boerhavia diffusa
Juss. Var. hirsuta
Spreading HogweedPunarnavaPunarnavaa
30Brachycorythis
obcordata Lindl.
***SalamisriGaamdol
31Buchanania lanzan
Spreng.
Cuddapah AlmodsChironjiChiraunjee
32Butea monosperma (Lam)
Kuntze
Bastard TeakTesuMadaane
33Calotropis procera
(Wild) R. Br.
Milk WeedAakAank
34Cannabis sativa linn.HempBhaangBhaang
35Carthamus tinctorious
Linn.
StafflowerKusumKusum
36Carum carvi Linn.Carawaykala Jeerajangalee
Jiraa
37Cassia fistula LinnIndian LaburnumAmaltasAmaltaash
38cassia tora Linn.Ringworm PlantpawadChakramandee
39Cedrus Deodara (Roxb.)
Loud
Himalayan cedarDevdaruDevdar
40Centella asiatica (L.)
Urban
Indian PennywortMandukparniGhodtaapre
41Chamomilla recutita
Linn.
ChamomileChamomileChamomile
42Cinnamomum zeylanicum
Breyn.
Cinnmon barkTajTaj
43Coleus forskohlii
(Wild.) Briq.
Indian ColeusColeusPaasaanved
44Commiphora mukul/hook
ex Stocks
Indian MyrrhGuggalGokuldhup
45Crocus sativus Linn.SaffronKesarKeshar
46Croton tiglium Linn.Purgative CrotonJamalgotaLapche
Bis
47Curculigo orchioides
Gaertn.
CurculigoKalimusliKaalo
musalee
48Curcuma longa Linn.TurmericHaldiHardi
49Curcuma zedoaria Rosc.ZedoaryKalchurKachur
50Cymbopogon martinil
(Roxb.) Watson
PalmarosaPalmarosaPaamaarosa
51Cyperus Scariosus R.
Br.
***NagarmothaNaagarmothe
52Dactylorhiza hatagirea
(D. Don.) Soo
Salep OrchidSalam PunjaPaanch
Aunle
53Datura metel Linn.Thorn AppleDhaturaDhaturo
54Delphinium denudatum
Wallich.
LarkspurJadwarNirbisi
55Didymocarpus albicalyx
C. B. clarke
***KumkumKumkum
56Dioscorea deltoidea
wall.
Elephants footHathi PaonBhyaakur
57Elaeocarpus sphaericus
(Gaertn.) K. Schum
Utrasum-bead TreeRudrakshaRudrakshya
58Embelia ribes Burm F.EmbeliaVai-VidangBayubidang
59Embilica officinalis
Gaertn.
Emblic MyrobalanAmlaAmlaa
60Ephemerantha macraei
(Lindl.)
***JeevantiJiwanti
61Evolvulus alsinoides
Linn.
Dwarf morning-GloryVishnukrantiShankha
puspi
62Ficus Benghalensis
Linn.
Banyan TreeBargadBar
63Ficus religiosa Linn.Sacred FigPipalPipal
64Fritillaria cirrhosa
D. Don
FritillaryKakoliKaakolee
65Gaultheria frangrans
D.Don
WintergreenJirhapDhasingre
66Gentiana Kurroo Royle.Himalayan GentianKutkiChunetroghaans
67Geranium nepalense
Sweet
Nepali GeraniumGeraniumChunetroghaans
68Gloriosa superba Linn.Glory LilyKalihariKewaree
69Glycyrrhiz glabra
Linn.
LiquoriceMulathiJethimadhu
70Gmelina arborea Roxb.Candahar TreeGambhariKhamaaree
71Gossypium arboreum
Linn.
Cotton PlantKapasKapaas
72Hemidesmus indicus
(L.) R. Br.
Indian SarsaparillaAnantmoolAnantmul
73Hibiscus rosa sinensis
Linn
Shoe-FlowerGudhalJapaa
Puspi
74Holarrhena
antidysenterica 9Linn.) Wall.
Easter TreeInderjau (Kadwa)Indrajau
75Hyoscyamus niger Linn.Black HenbaneKhurasani AjvayanKhursaanee
Ajaon
76Hypercium perforatum
Linn.
St. John’s Wort***Urilo
77Ichnocarpus frutescens
(Linn.) R. Br.
Black CreeperKalidudhiKaaleedudhee
78Inula racemosa Hook.
F.
ElecampanePushkarmoolPuskar
mul
79Juglans regia Linn.WalnutAkhrotOkhar
80Juniperous Communis
Linn.
JuniperDhoopiDhupi
81Leptadenia reticulata
(Retz) Wight & Arn
***DoriDaadeesaak
82Linum Usitatissinum
Linn
LinseedAlsiTisi
83Lycopodium japonicum
Thumb
LycopodiumNagbelNaagbeli
84Martynia annua Linn.Devil’s ClawBichu PhalGridharnakkee
85Mentha piperita LinnPepper MintPudinaPudinaa
86Mesua ferrea Linn.Cobra’s SaffronNagchampaNaageswari
87Momordica Charantia
Linn.
Bitter GourdKarelaKarela
88Morchella esculenta
(L) Pers
Honey-Combed MushroomGuchchiGuchhi
Chyaau
89Mucuna pruriens (L)
DC.
CowhageKonch BeejKaauso
90Myrica esculenta Buch.
-Ham.
Box MyrtleKaiphalKaphal
91Myristica fragrans
Houtt.
MaceJavetriJaaipatri
92Myristica fragrans
Houtt.
NutmegJaiphalJattiphal
93Nardostachys jatamansi
(Jones) DC.
Nardus RootBalchadJatamasi
94Nelumbo nucifera
Gaertn.
Water LilyNilofarKamal
95Ocimum sanctum Linn.Sacred BasilTulsiTulsi
96Olea cuspidata Wall.
Ex G. Don.
OliveJaitunKaandeloto
97Operculina turpethumTurpethNisothNisodh
98Ophiocordyceps
sinensis
CordycepsYartsa
Gumba
99Panax pseudo-ginseng
Wall.
False GingsengGinsingSaatgaanthe
100Papaver somniferum
Linn.
Opium poppyAfeemAphim
101Paris polyphylla Sm.Herb ParisMeetha-BachSatuwa
102Parmelia perlata
(Huds) Ach.
Stone FlowerChadilaJhyaau
103Piper cubeba Linn.Long PepperPipaliPiplaa
104Piper longum Linn.Long PepperPipaliPiplaa
105Piper mullesus D. DonRound PepperPipal (Go)Pahaaari
Peepal
106Pistacia integerrima
Stew. Ex Brandis
Pistacia GallsKakrasingiKaakad
Singhi
107Plantago Ovata Forsk.Psyllium HuskIsabgolIsabgol
108Plumbago zeylanica
Linn.
Lead WortChitrakChitu
109Podophyllum hexandrum
Royle.
Himalayan May AppleBankakadiBan
Bhantaa
110Polypodium amoenum
Wall. Ex Mett.
***VishphejBishphej
111Pongamia pinnata
Pierre
Pongam Oil TreeKaranjKaarengee
112Pterocarpus marsupium
Roxb.
Indian Kino treeBijasarBijayasal
113Pterocarpus santalinus
Linn. F.
Red Sandal WoodLal ChandanRakta
Chandan
114Punica granatum Linn.PomegranateAnarDaarim
115Putranjiva roxburghil
Wall.
***PutrajivaPutranjeevaa
116Rauwolfia serpentina
Benth. Ex. Kurz
Serpentina RootSarpgandhaChandmaruwa
117Rhododendron lepidotum
Wall.
RhododendronTalisfurSunpatie
118Ricinus communis LinnCastorErandAndee
119Roscoea purpurea Wall.Roscoe’s lilyKshirkakoliBhadra
120Rubia cordifolia Linn.Dyer’s MadderMajithMajitho
121Salmalia malabarica
Schott.
Silk Cotton TreeMochrasSimal
122Santalum album Linn.White SandalwoodChandanSeto
Chandan
123Sapindus mukorossi
Gaertn.
Soap Nut TreeReethaRitha
124Saraca asoca (Rosc.)
DC. Wilde
Ashoka TreeAshokAshok
125Saussurea lappa C.B.
Clarke
CostusKuthKuth
126Selinum tenuifolium
Wall. Ex Dc.
SelinumBhutkeshBhajadri
127Sida cordifolia Linn.Country MallowBalaBalu
128Smilax aspera Linn.Rough Bird WeedChobchiniChobchini
129Solanum surattense
Burm. F.
Wild Egg PlantKateliGurmi
Kaant
130Strychnos nux – vomica
Linn.
Nux-vomicaKuchlakuchila
131Swertia chairayita
(Roxb. Ex Fleming) H. Karst.
Indian GentianChirayitachirayito
132syzgium cumini (L)
Skeels
Black plumJamunJamun
133Tamarindus indica
Linn.
TamarindImliTitri
134Taxus baccata Linn.Himalayan YewTalispatraLouth
Salla
135Terminalia arjuna
Wight & Arn.
Arjuna MyrobalanArjunArjun
136Terminalia belerica
Roxb.
Beleric MyrobalanBehdaBarro
137Terminalia chebula
(Gaertner) retz
chebulic MyrobalanHaradHarro
138Tinospora cordifolia
(Wild) miers.
Moon CreepersGiloGurjo
139Tragia involucrata L.Indian stinging NettleBarhantaUt
Kateri
140Tribulus terrestris
Linn.
Lan CaltropsGokhruGokhur
141Trichosanthes
trisuspidata Lour.
Red Ball SnakegourdLal IndrayanIndreni
142Valeriana wallichii DCIndian ValerianTagarSamaayo
143Vetiveria zizanioides
(Linn.) Nash
Cuscus GrassKhas-khasBadhni
144Vitis vinifera Linn.GrapekishmishDaakh
145Withania somnifera
(L.) Dunal
WithaniaAshwagandhaAshwagandha
146Woodfordia fruticosa
Kurz.
Fire Flame BushDhai PhoolDhayaanro
147Xanthoxylon budrunga
D.C.
***Sugandhakokila***
148Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum
Edgew.
Toothache TreeTimurSil
Timur
149Zingiber officnale
Rosc.
Dried GingerSonthSuntho
150Ziziphus
mauritiana Lam.
JujubeBerBayar

 

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