Earth is a typical home for all the creatures. Our earth exists only because of the close bonding of the biotic and abiotic components. In other words, the close relationship between nature and natural biodiversity has resulted in the existence and promotion of our ecosystem. Every creature has a crucial role to play for maintaining the ecological balance. In today’s world, ‘crisis’ is something that has become a matter of concern. We face a lot and many crises in today’s world. The crisis can be either financial or technological, and it can be personal or public also. Nevertheless, the central problem that not only affects only certain groups of people, but the entire world is the “Natural Crisis.”
The term “Natural Crisis” means the crisis that nature is facing because of us, the so-called ‘intelligent species among all.’ Our doings were and are affecting the environment. Somewhere, we find crises in fossil fuels and natural resources that we do not use wisely, and somewhere we see the creature that is in the verge of extinction due to the illegal and immoral approaches taken by the human race such as hunting, smuggling, killing, selling, etc. Many species of animals and plants have started to go extinct. If we compare the count of the species a few decades back, then we can find a vast difference in those numbers in comparison to the present. It is all because of our keenness and greed.
THREAT TO SPECIES
Many animal species are affected by this, and some of the well-known species of animals, threatened by our works are tigers, lions, red pandas, python, crocodile, Asian elephant, bison, giant hornbill, leopard, panther, one horn rhinos, snow leopards, and other species of flora and fauna. The improper human activities like the excessive production of smoke and carbon, unwise use of natural resources, greed for money and wealth, pollution, etc. are affecting nature a lot. However, the central fact is that now, the human race has become more conscious and attentive towards the environment, and they are initializing and implementing specific plans and policies that can be practiced to promote the ecosystem. Many activities like conservation unions, national parks, sustainable development, carbon credit are launched so that nature and the species of flora and fauna can get preserved and promoted to maintain the ecological balance.
Tigers are also one of those species that are listed in the lists of endangered animals. In today’s world, there are only about 3,900 species of tigers that are left out. This decrease in the number of tigers is also because of us. Tigers are magnificent creatures. The natural beauty and the daring nature of tigers have made them famous far across the seven continents. Famed for its body color and the stripes pattern, tigers are one of the nocturnal predators that have perfection in hearing skill and knock down their prey with their body weight and powerful jaws. Now when we talk about their condition, some have been preserved in specialized laboratories, whereas some have been kept in national parks and conservation areas. Both the in-situ and the ex-situ are practiced for the preservation of tigers. The scarce species are secured in particular places, whereas some of the other species are secured in their natural habitat, the jungle.
GLOBAL NON_PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS THAT HELP TIGER
Many organizations are working at the international level, to preserve tigers and promote them. These are the non-profit INGOs that have been working from past many years to do their best to protect the various rare species of animals, including tigers, to maintain the beauty of the ecosystem in an organized manner. Some of the five highly active organizations working for the motive of preserving and promoting the lives of tigers are mentioned below.
- WORLD WILDLIFE FUND (WWF)
Established in 1961 AD, this is the oldest and reputed non-profit firm that has continuously been working in many fields for achieving only one motive, preservation of flora and fauna. They have used the modern equipment to put an eye on the tigers twenty-four seven. They have recently launched the program of camera trapping in nations like Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal, Russia, and Thailand. Thousands of people are involved, great distances are covered, and the process can take over a year. WWF aims to establish and manage active tiger conservation areas, reduce the poaching of tigers, eliminate the trade of tiger parts and products, create initiatives that will encourage local communities and others to support tiger conservation, and build capacity for tiger conservation. WWF is working on counting and protecting tigers from achieving the Tx2 global goal, a goal to double the number of tigers by 2022 AD Chinese year.
2. WILDLIFE PROTECTION SOCIETY OF INDIA (WPSI)
Established in 1994 AD, it is one of the reputed and active organizations of India, working to preserve the wildlife. WPSI’s main aim has been to tackle India’s growing wildlife crisis. It does so by providing support and information to government authorities for the control of poaching and the rising illegal wildlife trade, especially of wild tigers. It has now extended its focus to deal and provide support for projects implemented to look after tigers. It has launched its program to fight against the illegal hunting of tigers. It also keeps the record of the tiger counts and provides awareness on a large scale. It has also introduced tiger protection awards that it offers to individual firms that act collaboratively and efficiently to protect tigers. This is the highly active firm of India that has always been looking after wildlife and promoting the ecosystem by conserving biodiversity.
3. TRADE RECORD ANALYSIS OF FLORA AND FAUNA IN COMMERCE (TRAFFIC)
Established in 1976 AD, it is also one of the reputed charities, that was founded by IUCN, which works and looks after the wildlife trade. It also looks after tigers and monitors their business. It has consistently been working to achieve Tx2’s global goal. It has also been working to stop the illegal wildlife trade and reduce consumer demand. This resulted in the formation of Tiger Day, held annually on July 29th, to promote awareness about the need to protect tigers through conservation initiatives. It also collects information about tiger mortalities, poaching, and the trade of tiger parts to facilitate improvements in India’s anti-poaching efforts, including providing training and tools to enforcement agencies.
4. WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY (WCS)
Established in 1895 AD, it is the oldest organization working to conserve the wildlife and promote them. The main goal of WCS is to multiple flourishing populations of tigers across their range and in all the habitats in which they are found. It is the leading organization in tiger conservation and tiger studies that believes in inter-sectoral coordination for best outcomes. WCS has been working to protect wild tigers in Western Thailand’s Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary since 2004. The area now serves as a national model for tiger recovery, and WCS’s campaigns are being implemented in neighboring protected areas. Some of the vital strategies of this organization are:
1. Protect tigers and their habitat,
2. Build capacity in range states,
3. Reduce human-tiger conflict,
4. Conduct scientific research on tigers to help inform conservation strategies,
5. Promote tiger-friendly policies,
6. Monitor tiger numbers, population trends, and threats to tigers and their habitats.
5. WILD AID (WAID)
Established in 2000 AD, it has also been the leading organization that is involved in tiger conservation and is spreading awareness related to it. In partnership with Shanghai Media Group, WildAid produced a 50-minute television documentary about tiger conservation. Similarly, it is involved in tiger count also and keeps the record of the tiger population. Wild Aid is part of the International Tiger Coalition, which comprises 42 environmental, zoological, and animal protection groups. Together, the union is calling for a permanent ban on the trade-in tiger parts and products. To reduce demand for tiger products, WildAid uses a unique communications model with a primary focus on China. It has been an active organization that works in a somewhat different manner to contribute to tiger conservation and spread awareness.