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Nepal: People and Society

by samyak
Nepal: People and Society
  • Population (millions): 20.535 (July 1993)
  • Year of last census: 1991
  • Sex distribution (%): males:51.2females: 48.8
  • Costumes of Nepal

    Costumes of Nepal

    Population estimates and projections (millions):1940: 7.0001950: 8.0001960: 9.1801970: 11.2321980: 14.6421990: 19.1452000: 23.1762010: 27.807

  • Age profile (%):0-14: 41.430-44: 17.460-74: 4.715-29: 25.545-59: 10.075 and over: 1.0
  • Median age (yrs): 19.0
  • Youth population (% age 15-24): 18.1 (1985) 20.1 (2000)
  • Total dependency ratio: 82.7 (1985)
  • Annual growth rate (%):1950-55: 1.171955-60: 1.611960-65: 1.911965-70: 2.101970-75: 2.471975-80: 2.671980-85: 2.591985-90: 2.481990-95: 2.341995-2000: 2.252000-2005: 1.972005-2010: 1.682010-2015: 1.442015-2020: 1.262020-2025: 1.11
  • Hypothetical size of stationary population (millions): 61
  • Assumed year of reaching net reproduction rate of 1: 2030
  • Urban population (millions): 1.303 (1985)
  • Urban population (%): 9 (1988), 4 (1965)
  • Annual urban population growth rate (%, 1985-90): 6.86
  • Annual rural population growth rate (%, 1985-90): 2.06
  • Percentage of urban population in largest city: 27 (1980)
  • Population density per sq. km.: 148 (571/sq. mi.)

    Vital Statistics

  • Crude birth rate (/1,000): 37.99 (1993); 46 (1965)

    Living Bigger with Colostomy

    Living Bigger with Colostomy

  • Crude death rate (/1,000): 13.66 (1993); 24 (1965)
  • Infant mortality rate (/1,000 live births): 85.8 (1993)
  • Maternal mortality rate(/100,000 live births): 850 (1980)
  • Life expectancy at birth (yrs)total population: 51.98male: 51.84female: 52.12
  • Gross reporduction rate (/woman)(1980-85): 3.05
  • Total fertility rate (/woman): 5.33 (1993)
  • Rate of natural increase (/1,000): 24.7 (1988)
  • Average family size: 5.8
  • Net migration rate: 0.0
  • Women of childbearing age (15-49) (% of pop.): 47 (1988)
  • Married women of childbearing age (15-49) using contraception (%): 15

    Languages

  • Total number of languages spoken: 30
  • Number of languages spoken by less than 1,000: 20
  • % of speakers ofNepali: 48.7Maithili: 11.2Tamang: 6.0Newari: 4.7Tharu: 4.4Magar: 3.8Rai: 2.9Gurung: 2.0

    Religion

  • Percentage of total population who areHindu: 89Buddhist: 9Muslim: 2

    Education Indicators

  • LiteracyTotal (%): 26Male (%): 38Female (%): 13
  • First levelSchools: 12,491Students: 1,952,504Teachers: 55,207Student/teacher ratio: 35.4Net enrollment raio: 59 (1984)
  • Second level:Schools: 5,325Students: 579,517Teachers: 20,662Student/teacher ratio: 28.0Net enrollment ratio: 19 (1984)
  • Vocational (1986)Schools: 5Students: 648Teachers: 117Student/teacher ratio: 5.5
  • Third level (postsecondary)Institutions: 116 (1986)Students: 67,555 (1986)Teachers: 4,165 (1986)Student/teacher raio: 16.2Gross enrollment ratio: 4.9 (1985)Students (/100,000 pop.): 414% of population age 25 and over with postsecondary education: 6.8
  • Foreign studyStudents abroad(excluding India): 2,209 (1988)of whom inUnited States: 523 (1988)Fance: 10(1988)Federal Republic of Germany: 23 (1988)United Kingdom: 91 (1987)
  • Public expenditure in education (1985)% of GNP: 2.8% of national budget: 10.8

    Health Indicators

  • Health personnel (1988)Physicians and dentists: 879 (persons per: 20,234)Nurses: 601Pharmacists: 427Midwives: 2,062
  • Hospitals (1988)Number: 96Number of beds (/10,000): 2Bed occupance rate (%): 61.5Average length of stay (days): 7
  • Public health expendituresAs % of national budget: 5.7Per capita (U.S.$): 1.70
  • Population with access to safe water (%): 29
  • Per capita daily food intake (calories): 1,914

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