Nepal: Geographical Features

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Geography of Nepal

Geography of Nepal

Total Land area 147,181 sq. km (54,633 sq. mi.); Length (east to west)about 885 km.(550 mi.); Width (north to south) about 193 km. mean (125 mi.)
Neighbours
north: China
others: India
Border length
1078 km.(670 mi.)
1,593 km.(990 mi.)
Capital Kathmandu (est. population in 1982: 393,494)
Other cities with more than 10,000 residents(1982 est.) Patan (59,100); Biratnagar (93,544); Birganj(10,800); Bhaktapur (84,250); Pokhara (46,642); Nepalganj (15,800)
Elevation Highest: Mt. Everest 8,848m (29,028 ft)Lowest: 69m (226 ft) near Janakpur
Land use arable land: 17%; permanent crops: 0%; meadow & pasture: 13%; forest & woodlands: 33%; other: 37%
Irrigated land 9,430 sq. km.(1989)
Main river systems east: Koshi and its seven tributaries; center: Gandaki and its seven tributaries west: Karnali
Average temperature in Kathmandu January: Minimum 2.2 C (36F); Maximum 17.8 C (64F); June: Minimum 26.7 C (80F); Maximum 32.2 C (90 F); Rainfall: 1,520 mm (60 in.)
Topographical regions High mountains of the Himalaya (27% of total land area); Mid-hills (56% of total land area); Low-land Terai (17% of total land area)
Himalayas of Nepal

Himalayas of Nepal

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